6 Important Facts to Know about Total Solar Eclipse 2016

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Total Solar Eclipse.
One of the celestial events that will happen this year is a total solar eclipse (GMT). These moments become special for Indonesia, because it can only be observed in the country on Wednesday, March 9, 2016.

In Palu, Balikpapan, Bangka Belitung, and other areas in 11 provinces of the archipelago will be able to watch the total solar eclipse - when the sun shrouded in darkness.

Even with the Earth in shadow areas of the Moon, similar sudden bright morning twilight. Although only a matter of minutes, before the eclipse departed and culminated in the Pacific Ocean.

Head of the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (Lapan), Thomas Jamaluddin said the 2016 total solar eclipse is a rare event. It could even be said to be a 'once in a lifetime'.

Another interesting fact related to the total solar eclipse astronomers Indonesia also disclosed that in a special interview to Liputan6.com, Wednesday (13/01/2016). Here's his review.

1. Only Happen in Indonesia

Solar eclipse will occur on March 9, 2016, coinciding with the Hindu ritual of Nyepi in Bali, which falls on the new moon.

"Special because Indonesia only traversed the solar eclipse. The other area is in the Pacific Ocean," said Thomas Jamaladin to Liputan6.com.

At that time, the shadow of the Moon covers an area of ​​100-150 km, only in 11 provinces. "Other Indonesian Territory will experience a partial eclipse."

Residents in 11 provinces a chance to see the sun of darkness. Moreover, it happened in the morning, when the potential decreases cloudy.

Residents in the western region of Indonesia can witness the phenomenon at 07.30 pm, while in the central region of the archipelago at 8:35 pm, and the eastern region at 9:50 pm CDT.

"The atmosphere was like a night, but not too dark. Similar dusk, ahead of the night. It was an experience that might be once in a lifetime," said Chief Lapan.

However, weather factors will affect the eclipse observations. Praying alone is not hung in the sky overcast and the sun covered the sighting.

2. The First in Indonesia in the 21st Century

The total solar eclipse event is not the first case in Indonesia. The phenomenon was never there in 1983, 1988 and 1995.

However, Thomas Jamaluddin said the total solar eclipse in 2016 was the first ever in the 21st Century in Indonesia.

The next solar eclipse will occur in Indonesia in 2019 - the ring solar eclipse.

Meanwhile, the new next total solar eclipse crossed the archipelago on 20 April 2023.

3. One in 300 Year

Total solar eclipses are rare events. Unknown period certainly the phenomenon will occur and recur in one area.

There are only a matter of 18-19 year pattern, according to the period or cycle Saros eclipse. However, a different path.

"Based on a rough calculation, the total solar eclipse will occur only about 300 years in the region," said Thomas Jamaladin.

South Sumatra and Bangka included are so lucky.

"Last occurrence in 1988 and again in 2016, so only 28 years old. Still no luck. In other areas 300 years."

4. Einstein Theory Test

Total solar eclipse that will occur in Indonesia on March 9, 2016 is also a concern of scientists the world. Thomas Jamaluddin said Lapan scientists will collaborate with foreign experts, including from the US space agency (NASA).

According to Thomas, the phenomenon of a total solar eclipse is an opportunity for researchers to do some research: solar physics and physics-related public. Any impact assessment and keantariksaan.

"It is also often used as proof of Einstein's relativity theory. That an object can bend light," he added.

So, when a solar eclipse, when the sun is closed, the stars around the sun slightly shifted.

When a total solar eclipse, according to Thomas, changes in animal behavior are also expected to occur, especially at night animals.

"Although only a few minutes during a total solar eclipse occurs, the condition suddenly dark as the night will make especially nocturnal animals react. There will be changes in behavior, well it is also a study," explained the head of Lapan.

The eclipse is also important as a means of public education. One of them explained to the students about the process.

5. 'Tricking Bulk'

Events total solar eclipse of the most horrendous is on June 11, 1983 the totality path crosses Java.

The phenomenon is even broadcast live on TVRI - the only television station in Indonesia at that time.

At that time, the people circulating false news. "Or some kind of mass duping, saying, 'watch out, be careful eclipse can blind eye'," said Thomas.

In fact, he added, there is an extreme act to the extent that the entire window is closed. "It was as if the sun emits harmful radiation," he said.

Not only there, in an area, eye-dwelling animals zoo was closed, so they are not blind.

For this reason, Lapan launch countdown 55 days ahead of the total solar eclipse on January 14, 2015.

"The goal, for socialization that eclipse is an event that is exciting and safe visits."

6. Not Dangerous Phenomenon

Chief Thomas Jamaladin asserts Lapan, a total solar eclipse is a remarkable phenomenon. Not an event full of distress.

"And the same sun as we see really. The harm, if we are not careful to see it," he said.

Kyoto University Alumni adds, during a partial eclipse, reflexively eyes already felt the glare.

"So do not be forced or compete to see the sun directly. It's very dangerous."

At the time of the total eclipse, Thomas added, is the most good looking directly. Without glasses, no need to use filters.

"Just be careful. The most risky is the transition phase to phase partial total, when the Moon began to shift, despite the new solar light that appears a bit already very strong. In fact, we were dilated pupils," he explained. It can damage the retina.

So, do not be too busy. Be careful.
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